Abstract One of the most threatening hazards in Tanzania is a drought – generally defined as a protracted shortage of water for a given activity. Since independence in 1961 the country has experienced at least eleven years of drought in 1966/67, 1972/73, 1973/74, 1974/75, 1979/80, 1981/82, 1982/83, 1983/84/1984/85, 1990/91, and 1991/92.
Water, essential to all life, plays a particularly important role in the lives of Tanzanians living near Mbarali River, part of the larger Rufiji River basin in southern Tanzania. Here, farmers use water from the river to irrigate their crops. Cattle herders guide their animals to its banks to drink and graze. Fishers make a living catching fish from its waters. Still […]